Definition of terms

Assessment criteria - state the type and quality of performance against which the candidate is assessed.

Assessor - the person registered by the relevant Education and Training Body in accordance with the criteria established for this purpose by a Standard Generating Body to measure the achievement of specified National Qualifications Framework standards and/or qualifications, and "constituent assessor" has a corresponding meaning.

Candidate - person whose performance is being assessed by the assessor.

Education and Training Quality Assurance Body - a body in terms of Section 5(1) (a) (ii) of the SAQA Act, responsible for monitoring and auditing achievements in terms of national standards or qualifications, and to which specific functions relating to the monitoring and auditing of national standards and/or qualifications have been assigned in terms of section 5 (1) (b) (I) of the SAQA Act.

Facilitator of learning and assessment - an individual who facilitates learning processes and activities and manages and administers assessment. This concept includes educators, trainers, mentors, etc.

Learner - an individual who is participating in a learning programme with the purpose of achieving credits for standards and qualifications.

Moderation - the process which ensures that assessment of the outcomes described in the National Qualifications Framework standards and/or qualifications is fair, valid and reliable and "Verification" has a corresponding meaning.

Moderator - the person who moderates assessments.

Performance - includes skills, knowledge, understanding and attitudes, and the ability to transfer these to new situations.

Registered constituent assessor - an assessor who has met the requirements for registration as an assessor of specified NQF qualifications and/or standards and has been registered by the ETQA under whose primary focus the standards and qualifications fall.

Registration - the process which ensures that the person who assesses learner competence has the requisite criteria recommended by Standard Generating Bodies (SGBs) for specified NQF registered standards and/or qualifications.

Standard Generating Body - a body registered in terms of Section 5 (1) (a) (ii) of the SAQA Act, responsible for establishing education and training standards or qualifications, and to which specific functions relating to the establishing and /or qualifications have been assigned in terms of Section.

Validation - the overall process by which it is determined by an ETQA whether or not an assessment is valid (has succeeded in assessing what it claims to have assessed); and leading to the acceptance or rejection of assessment results ? it can include a range of validation options, for example, verification, statistical analysis, examination of the assessment instrument, sampling of evidence of applied competence, observation of processes, site visits or interviews.

Verification - the process managed by an ETQA for externally verifying (checking) moderation processes and confirming or overturning moderation findings.

Verifier - the person who verifies the moderation process.

Principles of assessment:

  • Appropriateness: The method of assessment is suited to the performance being assessed
  • Fairness: The method of assessment does not present any barriers to achievements, which are not related to the evidence
  • Manageability: The methods used make for easily arranged, cost-effective assessments that do not unduly interfere with learning
  • Integration into work or learning: Evidence collection is integrated into the work or learning process where this is appropriate and feasible
  • Validity: The assessment focuses on the requirements laid down in the Standard; i.e. the assessment is fit for purpose
  • Direct: The activities in the assessment mirror the conditions of actual performance as closely as possible
  • Authenticity: The assessor is satisfied that the work being assessed is attributable to the person being assessed
  • Sufficient: The evidence collected establishes that all criteria have been met and that performance to the required Standard can be repeated consistently
  • Systematic: Planning and recording is sufficiently rigorous to ensure that assessment is fair
  • Open: Learners can contribute to the planning and accumulation of evidence. Assessment candidates understand the assessment process and the criteria that apply
  • Consistent: The same assessor would make the same judgement again in similar circumstances. The judgement made is similar to the judgement that would be made by other assessors